Heaving Shanty

What kind of heaving shanties exists?

Stan Hugill gives us an explanation of the types of shanties. So he gives us two main types of shanties, hauling and heaving shanties, in this page, we talk about Heaving Shanties.

Here are the types of Heaving Shanty

(A) – Main Capstan or windlass songs (for heaving the anchor).

Correctness of naming Capstan Shanty category

The category “Capstan Shanty”, as mentioned in a comment on this page by Professor Gibb Sheffler, is not very clear and I do agree. He points out the fact that: Sometimes the song has specific features that make it especially good for capstan or windlass, other times, the only thing that someone like Stan Hugill means by “capstan shanty” is that someone sang the song while working on the capstan. We can sing “Sally Brown” equally at halyards, windlass, or capstan. We can sing “Rio Grande”, however, only at the windlass or capstan because it has a “grand chorus” that fills extra time. Although still very imperfect, rather than “capstan shanty” and “windlass shanty,” a better category might be “heaving shanty” (covering both capstan and lever windlass, the two “heaving” jobs).

On the sailing ship, For the raise an anchor there were two types of devices for raising the anchor:

First, the older one that sailors used to raise an anchor was the levers windlass (Brake Windlass) …

Work in the same way as old type levers pump, the difference in terms of the shanties was the movement was different and have a middle step, in the waist level (horizontal position level of the levers).

So full cycle from point of view of the one site was arms down on the deck (feet), next tempo on the waist level, next up as possible arms upon to the sky, and back on the waist, the cycle closed on arms on deck again.

capstan-shanty leaver windlass

Here is one example of the windlass capstan in action. This fantastic example happens in Mystic Seaport Museum. The heaving anchor operation has placed on the last surviving whaling ship Charles W. Morgan.

“Mister Stormalong” at the windlass of CHARLES W. MORGAN

Worth noting is the fact it used “Mister Stormalong” shanty as a helping tool, exactly how it was happening in old times, the shantyman is one of the most knowledgeable people about sea shanties, Professor Gibb Sheffler, who like only one person in whole the world recorded all songs from the Stan Hugill book – “The Shanties From The Seven Seas” (over 400 songs!).

Index Of The Brake Windlass Shanty

  1. As Off to The South’ard We Go
  2. Bound for the Rio Grande (Cecil Sharp Version)
  3. Et Nous Irons a Valparaiso (French)
  4. Heave Away Me Johnnies A
  5. Heave Away Me Johnnies C
  6. Jinny
  7. Poor Lucy Anna
  8. The Shaver

The second type is the main capstan shanty for heaving an anchor…

From the horizontal form of anchor windlass, the capstan evolves into the vertical drum or barrel, with horizontal spars (called capstan bars) which have been pushed by sailors, so the twisted rope on the barrel was pulled by the force of the capstan, and this way they can walk around the capstan and heave the line or chain.

capstan-shanty barell capstan

Index Of The Capstan Shanty

  1. A Long Time Ago (C)
  2. Across The Western Ocean ( I )
  3. Ane Madam – Trøndelag Version (Norwegian)
  4. As I Went A-Walking Down Ratcliffe Highway
  5. Banks Of Sacramento – Patterson Capstan version
  6. Blow. Ye Winds (A)
  7. Blow Ye Winds (B)
  8. Blow Ye Winds (extra verses)
  9. Blow ye winds of morning
  10. Blow The Wind Wester. – First Version
  11. Blow The Wind Wester. – Second Version
  12. Bound for the Rio Grande (R. R. Terry’s Version)
  13. Bound To California
  14. California
  15. Der Hamborger Veermaster (German)
  16. Doodle Let Me Go
  17. Good Mornin Ladies All A
  18. Goodbye Fare-ye-well (A)
  19. Goodbye Fare-ye-well (B)
  20. Goodbye Fare-ye-well (C)
  21. Goodbye Fare-ye-well (D)
  22. Goodbye Fare-ye-well (Norwegian)
  23. Goodbye Fare-ye-well (odd verses collection)
  24. Goodnight Ladies
  25. Haul The Bowline B
  26. Heave Away – Colcord
  27. Heave Away Me Johnnies B
  28. Heisevise – Wergland version (Norwegian)
  29. Hieland Laddie (A)
  30. Hog-eye Man – Bullen
  31. Hooker John (Harding)
  32. Horraw For The Blackball Line
  33. Horraw For The Blackball Line (Liverpool Jacks Tune)
  34. Horraw For The Blackball Line (solo variations)
  35. Hurrah Hurrah Hurrah!
  36. Jamboree (Whall)
  37. Johnny Come Down To Hilo
  38. Knock A Man Down
  39. La Margot
  40. Larry Marr
  41. Leave her Johnny Leave Her – Capstan
  42. Magelhan (German)
  43. Magelhan Orginal (German)
  44. Miss Lucy Long
  45. Mochyn Du
  46. Mother Carey’s
  47. My Bonnie Highland Lassie-O
  48. O Johnny Come To Hilo – Cecil Sharp
  49. O Whos Been Here – Cecil Sharp
  50. Off To The Southard Well Go
  51. Ooker John
  52. Old Moke Pickin On The Banjo
  53. Opsang For Brasiliefareren, Briggen Preciosa (Norwegian)
  54. Paddy Get Back – Dick Maitland
  55. Paddy Lay Back
  56. Paddy Mustert An
  57. Paddy Signs On
  58. Randy Dandy O!
  59. Rio Grande (A. Connan Doyle version)
  60. Rio Grande – Norvegian sailor version
  61. Rio Grande (A)
  62. Rio Grande (B)
  63. Rio Grande (C) – (Patterson version)
  64. Rio Grande (D)
  65. Rio Grande (E)
  66. Rio Grande (F)
  67. River Shenandore – L. A. Smith Version
  68. Roll And Go
  69. Roll The Cotton Down (C) – Capstan Version
  70. Roll The Woodpile Down – capstan
  71. Roller Bowler – Liverpool Version
  72. Roller Bowler – Trinidad Version
  73. Rolling King
  74. Rolling Home A
  75. Rolling Home B
  76. Rolling Home By The Silver Moon
  77. Rosabella Fredolin (Swedish)
  78. Round The Bay Of Mexico
  79. Sacramento (A)
  80. Sacramento (B)
  81. Sacramento (C)
  82. Sacramento (D)
  83. Sacramento – Norvegian English worded version
  84. Sacramento – Version from German barque Gustav
  85. Sally Brown (A)
  86. Sally Brown (A2)
  87. Sally Brown (A – Stanley Slade version)
  88. Sally Brown (A – Dick Maitland version)
  89. Sally Brown (C)
  90. Santiana D (Norwegian)
  91. Santiana (D) (Norvegian – English Translation)
  92. Santy Anna (Terry’s Version)
  93. Seafarers
  94. Shenandoah A
  95. Shenandoah B
  96. Shenandoah – Bullen
  97. Shenandoah C
  98. Shenandoah D
  99. Sing Sally O! (version A)
  100. South Australia (Doerflinger Version)
  101. South Australia (Harlow version)
  102. South Australia – L. A. Smith Version
  103. Southern Ladies
  104. Spanish Ladies A
  105. Spanish Ladies B
  106. Supen Ut En Dram På Man
  107. Ten Stone
  108. The Codfish Shanty
  109. The Fishes A
  110. The Fishes B
  111. The Gals O’ Chile
  112. The Gals O’ Dublin Town (B)
  113. The Hawks-Eye Man (Bolton)
  114. The Hog-eye Man
  115. The Hog-eyed Man – Cecil Sharp
  116. The Liverpool Judies A
  117. The Liverpool Judies B
  118. The Lowlands Low (A)
  119. The Lowlands Low (B)
  120. The New York Gals
  121. Ved Ankerhioning (Norvegian)
  122. Were All Bound To Go – Davis And Tozer
  123. Were All Bound To Go – Sampson
  124. Whip Jamboree (Sharp)
  125. Whoop Jamboree (Terry)
  126. Yeo Heave Ho!
  127. Yo Heave Ho! – Smith

(B) – Capstan songs (for hoisting sails, etc., by ‘mechanical’ means, and warping in out of dock).

(C) – Pump Shanties.

Because of the number of Pump shanties, I kept them on another page: Pump Shanty.

(D) – Capstan Shanties used at Halyard Winch

Index Of The Capstan Shanties used at Halyard Winch

  1. Away Susanna!
  2. Cant Ye Dance The Polka B
  3. Cant You Dance The Polka (C F Smith version)

My private collection of books

Shantyman library –  you will see descriptions and recommendations of positions worth diving into, true sources of knowledge about sea shanties. To gain knowledge about sea shanties is the main ultimate purpose of this library, every book in this library is somehow related to sea shanties and before mast songs.

More involvement in Traditional Sea Shanties

You can find this record here or directly listen below. If you want to discuss the record or share your opinion you can do it in my Facebook forum here.